1. How do cost–benefit analyses function in environmental arguments? Give an example of an…

1. How do cost–benefit analyses function in environmental
arguments? Give an example of an environmental problem today and how a
cost–benefit analysis could be used to analyze it.

2. Climate Change. Carla and Greg are debating climate
change. Carla believes that climate change is nothing to worry about. “Even if
the scientists could ever really establish that burning fossil fuels causes
climate change, there’s no need to worry. Scientists will find ways to fix the
problem. And we can always move to higher ground or just move north, where it’s
cooler.” Greg laughs out loud. “Ha! That’s easy
»

1. How do cost–benefit analyses function in environmental
arguments? Give an example of an environmental problem today and how a
cost–benefit analysis could be used to analyze it.

2. Climate Change. Carla and Greg are debating climate
change. Carla believes that climate change is nothing to worry about. “Even if
the scientists could ever really establish that burning fossil fuels causes
climate change, there’s no need to worry. Scientists will find ways to fix the
problem. And we can always move to higher ground or just move north, where it’s
cooler.” Greg laughs out loud. “Ha! That’s easy for you to say,” Greg replies.
“Americans will probably be able to survive the changing climate. But people in
other parts of the world are really going to suffer. And anyway, it’s not just
about the humans. We should also be concerned about the value of natural things
like glaciers and forests.” Carla shakes her head. “I don’t really get you
environmentalists. First you say that poor people will suffer. Then you say that
glaciers and forests will suffer. But aren’t people more important than
glaciers? And if we had to melt all the glaciers to provide drinking water for
poor people, wouldn’t that be the right thing to do?”

Whom do you agree with here? Explain your answer with
reference to philosophical concepts such as anthropocentrism and ecocentrism.

»