1. Number of calories per gram of carbohydrate? 7 10 4 22 2. Which sport would…

1. Number of calories per gram of carbohydrate?

7
10
4
22

2. Which sport would carbohydrate loading be best suited
for?

powerlifting
marathon running
bowling
wrestling

3. Pasta, rice, bread, and potatoes are a good source of which
macronutrient?

protein
water
carbohydrate
lipid

4. Which macronutrient is digested the quickest?

fat
carbohydrate
protein

5. Choose the amino acid whose function is involved in the
production of carnosine.

Beta-Alanine
Leucine
Isoleucine
Glycine

6. Which of the following bodily systems is involved in hormone
production?

digestive system
endocrine system
nervous system

7. Which body type is characterized as being a muscular body
type?

endomorphic
ectomorphic
mesomorphic

8. Which of the following is a lipid?

fructose
amino acids
eicosapentaenoic acid
L-valine

9. Which of the following functions primarily as a blood buffer
supplement?

Creatine
Sodium bicarbonate
Nitrate

10. The ZigZag method is an approach to losing body fat.

True
False

11. Athletes generally require about 2 to 3 times the RDA for
protein.

True
False

12. DL-Phenylalanine has been shown to be effective in pain
control.

True
False

13. Muscular hypertrophy is the increase in muscle size.

True
False

14. Type I muscle fibers are also called fast twitch muscle
fibers.

True
False

15. PER (protein efficiency ratio) is determined using
humans.

True
False

16. Fat supplies 4 calories of energy per gram.

True
False

17. The glycemic index is a system that describes how quickly
different fats enter the body through the digestive system.

True
False

18. The ideal pre-competition meal should be high in fat and
protein and low in carbohydrate.

True
False

19. Amino acids make up protein molecules.

True
False

20. Glucosamine is a nutrient that is important for connective
tissue formation.

True
False

21. The best way to lose weight is to starve yourself and lose
muscle and fat mass.

True
False

22. Mitochondria in cells have a main function to generate
energy.

True
False

Matching

Glucose
RDA
L-Leucine
Linoleic acid
Caffeine containing herb
PDI
Metabolite involved in transport of fatty acids into
mitochondria
Deep sleep promoting substance
Glycine
Traditional herbal adaptogen, contains ginsenosides
ODA
Phosphatidylserine

23. Essential nutrition for survival
  
24. Essential nutrition for optimum health
  
25. Essential nutrition for athletic performance
  
26. Monosaccharide
  
27. Growth hormone releasing amino acid
  
28. Branched chained amino acid
  
29. Linked to reducing cortisol levels
  
30. Essential fatty acid
  
31. Carnitine
  
32. Melatonin
  
33. Ginseng
  
34. Guarana

This vitamin prevents scurvy and is an antioxidant
Also known as pyridoxine, this vitamin is important for protein
metabolism
Mineral needed for strong bones, muscle contraction, and nerve
conduction
Mineral involved in hemoglobin structure
Retinoid good for vision
Mineral important as cofactor for insulin functioning
Electrolyte mineral salt
This vitamin promotes glycogen depletion, is used to control
cholesterol levels and prevent pellagra
Antioxidant, fat soluble vitamin, promotes cardiovascular
health
Mineral involved in bone formation, also related to increased
testosterone production in post- menopausal women
This vitamin is important as a component of coenzyme A, and in
the release of energy from carbohydrate and fatty acids
Mineral that is important in healing and part of
metalloenzymes

35. Vitamin A
  
36. Vitamin E
  
37. Vitamin C
  
38. Niacin
  
39. Vitamin B6
  
40. Pantothenic acid
  
41. Calcium
  
42. Iron
  
43. Zinc
  
44. Chromium
  
45. Sodium chloride
  
46. Boron