Vector-borne diseases are:
Not able to infect a large number of hosts in a relative short amount of time
Infectious diseases (bacterial or viral) that are transmitted via an arthropod
Only viral infectious diseases transmitted via an arthropod
Are only found in the tropics
Which of the following is not one of four typical dying trajectories associated with comorbidity and patterns of functional decline occurring over the last year of life?
Death from organ failure
Aside from Jenner s use of cowpox to prevent smallpox, the best known example of disease-versus-disease is the modification of ________by genetic red cell disorders such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia.
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
About __________% of breast cancers among women result from inherited mutations in genes known as BRCA1 and BRCA2.
QUETSION#5Women who carry BRCA1 or BRCA2 have a lifetime risk as high as _____% for breast cancer.
The raw data collected and then used for public health research is known as:
The percentage of information available on the free Web that is considered suitable for academic/professional work is:
What proportion of men age 70 years and older still drive?
Measles and several other systemic viral infections cause a temporary suppression of cellular immunity, resulting in remission of ________________.
Dr. Willem-Karel Dicke of the Juliana Children s Hospital observed, during Europe s winter of starvation in 1944 45, that a few children with celiac disease gained weight and vigor on a very restricted diet. Dicke eventually proved that _______ was the offending agent in celiac diseases and that a ______ diet was the treatment of choice for celiac disease.
Parasites, as well as bacterial and viral infections, can be spread through contaminated water:
According to Stiehm, the most significant medical advance of the last two centuries has been __________.
the heart-lung machine
Choose the correct statement about bovine tuberculosis (bTB):
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) only affects cattle.
“Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) was a problem of the past in the UK, but has since been controlled.”
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is currently one of the most difficult animal health problems in the UK.
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) does not have a natural reservoir.
Bias, in the literature, can be minimized by:
All of the above
Which of the following is/are potential cause(s) of medication errors?
I. Lack of access to patient medical history
II. Two medications that look alike
III. Patient non-adherence to medication regimen
I and II
II and III
“I, II, and III”
The following factors influence an individual s response to medications except:
Other medications being taken
All of the above affect a person s response to medications.
The number of different organisms located within an ecosystem
The range of different organisms located within an ecosystem
“The number, variety, and range of genes located within an ecosystem “
All of the above
Which of the following is a recommendation made by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to reduce medication misadventures?
Minimizing the use of technology
Providing patient education at each of the key points when patient receives medications.
Utilizing only the chemical name when referring to a drug
Making medication information widely available through different websites to patients
_____________ have a genetic basis.
“Single gene disorders, like sickle cell disease, “
“Chromosomal disorders, like Down syndrome, “
Virtually all diseases
None of the above
Choose the group that has all greenhouse gases.
“CO2, N2O, water vapor”
“CO2, N2, O2”
“CH4, CO2, N2”
“O2, N2O, water vapor”