Terrorism. Marta has expressed sympathy for rebels fighting in country X. These rebels have been…

Terrorism. Marta has expressed sympathy for rebels fighting
in country X. These rebels have been fighting against an unjust and malicious
regime. The regime has killed innocent civilians and has an awful record of
human rights violations. The rebellion started as a nonviolent protest in the
streets. But now the rebels have taken up arms and are actively fighting
government forces. They have begun to employ terror tactics, exploding car
bombs in the city center in the capital. Marta supports the rebel cause and has
even bought a T-shirt with a slogan from the rebel campaign on it. Marta’s
»

Terrorism. Marta has expressed sympathy for rebels fighting
in country X. These rebels have been fighting against an unjust and malicious
regime. The regime has killed innocent civilians and has an awful record of
human rights violations. The rebellion started as a nonviolent protest in the
streets. But now the rebels have taken up arms and are actively fighting
government forces. They have begun to employ terror tactics, exploding car
bombs in the city center in the capital. Marta supports the rebel cause and has
even bought a T-shirt with a slogan from the rebel campaign on it. Marta’s
roommate, Andrea, is appalled. Andrea tells her, “How can you wear a T-shirt
celebrating terrorists? They kill innocent people. Even if their cause is just,
the rebels have crossed the line. They’re murderers. All terrorists are simply
murderers.” Marta replies, “That’s easy for you to say because you’re not
suffering under a repressive government. The rebels are justified in doing
whatever it takes to bring down the government. The government forces are
ruthless and strong—the rebels have to use terrorism: it’s their only tool.”

Whom do you agree with here: Marta or Andrea? Is terrorism
justified as a tool of last resort? Or is terrorism always murder? Explain your
answer, making use of concepts employed in discussions of realism, just war
theory, and pacifism.

»