You will prepare and submit a term paper on Increased Genetic Risk for Autistic Spectrum Disorders. Your paper should be a minimum of 1750 words in length. Individuals with ASD are unable to appropriately utilize nonverbal behaviors. Thus, during social interaction individuals are unable to utilize facial expressions and body language to communicate. Moreover, these individuals also fail to use interactive verbal and nonverbal behaviors. (Abraham 2008).Individuals with ASD are unable to communicate appropriately in social interactions because of qualitative impairment. (Abraham 2008). Lack of social interaction is manifested in several ways including lack of participation in activities, remaining alone and increased use of solitary, and disinterest in the activities of others. As compared to typically developing individuals, ASD individuals exhibit a failure to develop relationships. (Waltz 2002). Finally, the rules of social interaction and understanding of basic social knowledge are not appropriately developed in individuals with ASD. The deficit in communication further compounds the impairments in social interaction. Such individuals face both expressive and receptive difficulties. The use of underdeveloped grammar, pronoun reversals, and echolalic and perseverative speech, are some of the characteristics of communication deficit in ASDs. Furthermore, the use of expressive language is only limited to the communication of desires and wants. (Abraham 2008). Limitation language comprehension and literal interpretation of meaning are the two common characteristics of receptive language impairment. Individuals with ASD also have difficulty in understanding and interpreting figurative and inferential language. (Worth 2005).The characteristic behavioral excesses are manifested due to impairments in communications and social interactions. Stereotypic, repetitive, and ritualistic behaviors are included in behavioral excesses. Furthermore, behavioral excesses also include overindulgence in limited activities and .interests and extreme intolerance towards environmental changes. Individuals with ASD also exhibit inflexible attention towards nonfunctional routines and exhibit certain characteristic behaviors such as pica, self-injurious behaviors, tantrums, and self-stimulatory behaviors.
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